List of Freshwater Fishes for Costa Rica

Number of freshwater fish species: 181 The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site.
Tropical Freshwater Fish | Biotope aquaria | Country Index

Record number 1 to 181  |  
Order Family Species Status FB name Name
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Achirus mazatlanus native Mazatlan sole  
Perciformes Cichlidae Aequidens coeruleopunctatus native  Mojarra 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Agonostomus monticola native Mountain mullet Tepemechín 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Alfaro cultratus native  Alfaro 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amatitlania nigrofasciata error Convict cichlid Burra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amatitlania siquia native   
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus alfari native Pastel cichlid Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus altifrons native  Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus bussingi native  Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus citrinellus native Midas cichlid Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus diquis endemic  Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus longimanus native Red breast cichlid Cholesca 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus lyonsi native  Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus rhytisma native  Pearl cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus rostratus native  Masamiche 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa curta native Short anchovy Anchoa 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa parva native Little anchovy  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa spinifer native Spicule anchovy  
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla rostrata native American eel Anguila 
Perciformes Cichlidae Archocentrus centrarchus native Flier cichlid Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Archocentrus multispinosus native Rainbow cichlid Cholesca 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aristichthys nobilis not established Bighead carp  
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax aeneus native Banded tetra Colirroja 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax fasciatus native Banded astyanax Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax nasutus native  Colcibolca tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax orthodus questionable  Largespot tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax robustus native   
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella argentea native Moon silverside Sardina 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella chagresi native   
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella hubbsi native  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella milleri native  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella sardina native  Silverside 
Lepisosteiformes Lepisosteidae Atractosteus tropicus native Tropical gar Gaspar 
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous banana native River goby Lamearena 
Siluriformes Ariidae Bagre pinnimaculatus native Red sea catfish  
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Batrachoides waltersi native Walter's toadfish  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Belonesox belizanus native Topminnow Pepesca gaspar 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus occidentalis native  Knifefish 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis cascajalensis native   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis holdridgei native  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis olomina endemic  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis parismina endemic  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis rhabdophora endemic  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis roseni native  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis terrabensis native  Olomina 
Characiformes Characidae Bramocharax bransfordii native  Longjaw tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Brycon behreae native  Sábalo 
Characiformes Characidae Brycon guatemalensis native Machaca Machaca 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus gonzalezi native   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus ricae native   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus scleroparius native  Creek tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus terrabensis endemic  Creek tetra 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratus auratus introduced Goldfish  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucas native Bull shark Madrecazón 
Characiformes Characidae Carlana eigenmanni native  Carlana tetra 
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops fuerthii native Congo sea catfish  
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops steindachneri native Steindachner's sea catfish  
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus ensiferus native Swordspine snook  
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus nigrescens native Black snook  
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus parallelus native Fat snook Calva 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus pectinatus native Tarpon snook Gualaje Atlantic 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Citharichthys gilberti native Bigmouth sanddab  
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Citharichthys uhleri native Voodoo whiff Lenguado 
Characiformes Characidae Colossoma macropomum not established Tambaqui  
Perciformes Cichlidae Cryptoheros myrnae native  Topaz cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Cryptoheros sajica endemic  Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Cryptoheros septemfasciatus native  Mojarra 
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius claytonii native Mexican goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius pseudofasciatus native Slashcheek goby  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idella not established Grass carp  
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax magdalenae native  Carp headstander 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio carpio introduced Common carp  
Perciformes Eleotridae Dormitator latifrons native Pacific fat sleeper Dormilón 
Perciformes Eleotridae Dormitator maculatus native Fat sleeper Guarasapa 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Dorosoma chavesi native Nicaragua gizzard shad Sabalete 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris amblyopsis native Large-scaled spinycheek sleeper Lucia 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris picta native Spotted sleeper Vieja 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris pisonis native Spinycheek sleeper Pez perro 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris tecta native  Pez perro 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus currani native Pacific flagfin mojarra Palmito bandera 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus gracilis native Graceful mojarra  
Perciformes Gerreidae Eugerres plumieri native Striped mojarra Mojarra fina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia nicaraguensis native Nicaraguan mosquitofish Olomina 
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres cinereus native Yellow fin mojarra  
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gobiesox fulvus native   
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gobiesox nudus native Clingfish Chupapiedra 
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gobiesox potamius native  Clingfish 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobioides peruanus native Peruvian eelgoby  
Perciformes Eleotridae Gobiomorus dormitor native Bigmouth sleeper Bocón 
Perciformes Eleotridae Gobiomorus maculatus native Pacific sleeper Guavina 
Perciformes Eleotridae Gobiomorus polylepis native Finescale sleeper Guavina 
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus maculosus native Spotted knifefish Madre de barbudo 
Perciformes Eleotridae Hemieleotris latifasciata native Pygmy sleeper Guavinita 
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias malabaricus native Trahira  
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias microlepis misidentification  Tiger fish 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon panamensis native  Panama tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon savagei endemic  Savage tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon tortuguerae native  Tortuguero tetra 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrix introduced Silver carp  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus panamensis native  Panama suckermouth 
Perciformes Cichlidae Hypsophrys nematopus native Poor man's tropheus Moga 
Perciformes Cichlidae Hypsophrys nicaraguensis native Moga Moga amarilla 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Imparfinis lineatus endemic  Pigmy catfish 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Joturus pichardi native Bobo mullet Bobo 
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia mugil native Barred flagtail  
Perciformes Eleotridae Leptophilypnus panamensis native   
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Lile stolifera native Pacific piquitinga  
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops atlanticus native Tarpon Sábalo real 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoides not established Largemouth bass  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalus native Flathead mullet  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil curema native White mullet  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Mylopharyngodon piceus introduced Black carp  
Siluriformes Ariidae Notarius biffi native   
Siluriformes Ariidae Notarius cookei native   
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe dialeptura native  Pygmy tetra 
Perciformes Carangidae Oligoplites palometa native Maracaibo leatherjacket Pez cuero 
Perciformes Carangidae Oligoplites saurus native Leatherjack  
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykiss introduced Rainbow trout  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis aureus introduced Blue tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicus introduced Mozambique tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticus niloticus introduced Nile tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis urolepis hornorum introduced Wami tilapia  
Cyprinodontiformes Anablepidae Oxyzygonectes dovii native White-eye Ojos blancos 
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis dovii native Guapote Guapote 
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis friedrichsthalii misidentification Yellowjacket cichlid  
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis loisellei native  Guapotito 
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis managuensis native Guapote tigre Guapote barcino 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phallichthys amates native Merry widow livebearer Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phallichthys quadripunctatus endemic  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phallichthys tico native  Olomina 
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Piabucina boruca endemic  Candela 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella chagresi native  Catfish 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia gillii native  Molly 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia mexicana native Shortfin molly Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia reticulata introduced Guppy  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poeciliopsis elongata native Elongate toothcarp Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poeciliopsis paucimaculata endemic  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poeciliopsis retropinna native  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poeciliopsis santaelena endemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poeciliopsis turrubarensis native  Olomina 
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys bayanus native Purplemouth grunt Roncador 
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys crocro native Burro grunt Roncador 
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys empherus native Bigspine grunt  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Priapichthys annectens endemic  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Priapichthys panamensis questionable  Olomina 
Characiformes Characidae Pseudocheirodon terrabae endemic  Térraba tetra 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Pseudophallus elcapitanensis native  Pipefish 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Pseudophallus mindii native  Pipefish 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Pseudophallus starksii native  Pipefish 
Characiformes Characidae Pterobrycon myrnae endemic Semaphore tetra Sardinita 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia guatemalensis native Guatemalan chul�n Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia laticauda native Filespine chul�n  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia nicaraguensis native  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia quelen native   
Characiformes Characidae Rhoadsia altipinna misidentification   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria uracantha native  Armored catfish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Rivulus fuscolineatus endemic  Arenal rivulus 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Rivulus glaucus endemic  Blue rivulus 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Rivulus hildebrandi native  Speckled rivulus 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Rivulus isthmensis native  Isthmian rivulus 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Rivulus rubripunctatus endemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Rivulus siegfriedi endemic  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Rivulus uroflammeus endemic  Flame rivulus 
Perciformes Cichlidae Rocio octofasciata questionable Jack Dempsey  
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides bouchellei native Crystal tetra Alma seca 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides ilseae endemic  Glass headstander 
Siluriformes Ariidae Sciades assimilis native Mayan sea catfish  
Siluriformes Ariidae Sciades guatemalensis native Blue sea catfish Bagre cuatete 
Siluriformes Ariidae Sciades seemanni native Tete sea catfish Cuminate negro 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicydium adelum native  Chupapiedra 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicydium altum native  Tití 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicydium salvini native  Chupapiedra 
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura exilis native Californian needlefish  
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Synbranchus marmoratus native Marbled swamp eel Anevila 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tomocichla sieboldii native  Mojarra 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tomocichla tuba native  Moga verde 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Trichomycterus striatus native  Pencil catfish 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Trinectes fluviatilis native Freshwater sole Lenguado 
Perciformes Cichlidae Vieja maculicauda native Blackbelt cichlid Pis pis 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xenophallus umbratilis native  Olomina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus variatus introduced Variable platyfish  

Page created by: Eli, 15.08.07, last modified by: Lei, 20.11.08



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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2013

The copy for fish.mongabay.com was written in 1994-1995. Therefore some information such as scientific names may be out of date. For this, I apologize. Feel free to send corrections to me.