List of Freshwater Fishes for Sri Lanka

Number of freshwater fish species: 160 The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site.
Tropical Freshwater Fish | Biotope aquaria | Country Index

Record number 1 to 160  |  
Order Family Species Status FB name Name
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Acanthocobitis urophthalmus endemic Banded mountain loach Vairan ehirava 
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus berda native Picnic seabream Thiraliya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Amblypharyngodon melettinus native Attentive carplet Soreya 
Perciformes Anabantidae Anabas testudineus native Climbing perch Kavaiya 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis native Indian mottled eel Polon arndha 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bicolor bicolor native Indonesian shortfin eel Kakkuta arndha 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla nebulosa native Mottled eel Pol mal aandha 
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus blockii native Green panchax Udda 
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus dayi endemic Ceylon killifish Uda handeya 
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus lineatus native Striped panchax  
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus panchax native Blue panchax Hande titteya 
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus parvus native Dwarf panchax  
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus werneri endemic Werner's killifish Iri handeya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aristichthys nobilis not established Bighead carp Bighead carp 
Siluriformes Ariidae Arius subrostratus native Shovelnose sea catfish Ura anguluva 
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous grammepomus native Scribbled goby Weligouva 
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous melanocephalus native Largesnout goby  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius bendelisis native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius vagra native   
Perciformes Osphronemidae Belontia signata endemic Ceylonese combtail Thalkossa 
Perciformes Gobiidae Brachygobius nunus native   
Perciformes Eleotridae Bunaka gyrinoides native Greenback gauvina  
Perciformes Eleotridae Butis butis native Duckbill sleeper Vaneya 
Perciformes Gobiidae Calamiana kabilia native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius carassius introduced Crucian carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Catla catla not established Catla Pla kra ho 
Perciformes Channidae Channa asiatica native Small snakehead  
Perciformes Channidae Channa gachua native   
Perciformes Channidae Channa marulius native Great snakehead Ara 
Perciformes Channidae Channa orientalis native Walking snakehead Kola kanaya 
Perciformes Channidae Channa punctata native Spotted snakehead Mada kanaya 
Perciformes Channidae Channa striata native Snakehead murrel Loolla 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chela laubuca native Indian glass barb Tatu dandiya 
Osteoglossiformes Notopteridae Chitala chitala introduced Clown knifefish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus cirrhosus not established Mrigal Mirigal 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias batrachus native Walking catfish  
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias brachysoma endemic  Walking catfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias nebulosus native   
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Coilia reynaldi native Reynald's grenadier anchovy  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idella not established Grass carp Grass carp 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio carpio introduced Common carp Rata pethiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Danio rerio introduced Zebra danio  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Devario aequipinnatus native Giant danio  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Devario malabaricus native Malabar danio Rath kailaya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Devario pathirana endemic Barred danio Barred danio 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Ehirava fluviatilis native Malabar sprat Ahirava 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris fusca native Dusky sleeper Puwakbadilla 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Esomus danricus native Flying barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Esomus lineatus native Striped flying barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Esomus thermoicos native  Flying barb 
Perciformes Cichlidae Etroplus maculatus native Orange chromide Kaha koraliya 
Perciformes Cichlidae Etroplus suratensis native Green chromide Koraliya 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinis introduced Mosquitofish Mosquito fish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra ceylonensis endemic Stone sucker Gal pandi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra phillipsi endemic Phillips's garra Phillips's garra 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius giuris native Tank goby Weligouva 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Gonialosa manmina native Ganges river gizzard shad  
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax polyuranodon native Freshwater moray Freshwater moray 
Perciformes Helostomatidae Helostoma temminkii introduced Kissing gourami Kissing gourami 
Siluriformes Heteropneustidae Heteropneustes fossilis native Stinging catfish Hunga 
Siluriformes Heteropneustidae Heteropneustes microps native   
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippichthys heptagonus native Belly pipefish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Horadandia atukorali native  Horadandia 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrix not established Silver carp Silver carp 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus limbatus native Congaturi halfbeak Marandha 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus plecostomus introduced Suckermouth catfish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Ichthyocampus carce native   
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia marginata questionable Dark-margined flagtail Gal pulunna 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo dussumieri native  Common labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo fisheri endemic Green labeo Gadeya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo porcellus native  Orange fin labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo rohita introduced Rohu Rohu 
Perciformes Latidae Lates calcarifer native Barramundi Modha 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Laubuca insularis native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Laubuca lankensis native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Laubuca ruhuna native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Laubuca varuna native   
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Lepidocephalichthys jonklaasi endemic Jonklaas' s loach Jonklaas ehirava 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Lepidocephalus thermalis native Common spiny loach Ehirava 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Macrognathus aral native One-stripe spinyeel Bata kola theliya 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Malpulutta kretseri endemic Spotted gourami Malpulutta 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Mastacembelus armatus native Zig-zag eel Gan theliya 
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops cyprinoides native Indo-Pacific tarpon Illeya 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis brachyurus brachyurus native Short-tailed pipefish Short-tailed pipefish 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis cuncalus native Crocodile-tooth pipefish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis ocellatus native  Ocellated pipefish 
Perciformes Monodactylidae Monodactylus argenteus native Silver moony Kapu handha 
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Monopterus desilvai native   
Perciformes Gobiidae Mugilogobius rambaiae native Queen of Siam goby  
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus cavasius native Gangetic mystus  
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus gulio native Long whiskers catfish Anguluwa 
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus keletius native  Yellow catfish 
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus vittatus native Striped dwarf catfish Iri ankutta 
Perciformes Blenniidae Omobranchus ferox native Gossamer blenny  
Siluriformes Siluridae Ompok bimaculatus native Butter catfish Walapoththa 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykiss introduced Rainbow trout Rainbow trout 
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Ophisternon bengalense native Bengal eel Potta aandha 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicus introduced Mozambique tilapia Tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticus niloticus introduced Nile tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis urolepis hornorum introduced Wami tilapia  
Beloniformes Adrianichthyidae Oryzias melastigma native   
Perciformes Osphronemidae Osphronemus goramy introduced Giant gourami Seppali 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona ditchela native Indian pellona Udassa 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pisodonophis boro native Rice-paddy eel  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pisodonophis cancrivorus native Longfin snake-eel  
Siluriformes Plotosidae Plotosus canius native Gray eel-catfish Kana magura 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia reticulata introduced Guppy Guppy 
Pristiformes Pristidae Pristis pectinata native Smalltooth sawfish  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Pseudosphromenus cupanus native Spiketail paradisefish Pulutta 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius amphibius native Scarlet-banded barb Mada ipilla 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius asoka endemic Asoka barb Asoka pethiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius bandula native Bandula barb Bandula barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius bimaculatus native Redside barb Ipilli kadaya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius chola native Swamp barb Kota ipilla 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius cumingii endemic Two spot barb Pothaya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius dorsalis native Long snouted barb Katu kureya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius filamentosus misidentification Blackspot barb Pethiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius kamalika native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius martenstyni native Martenstyn's barb Martenstyn's barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius nigrofasciatus endemic Black ruby barb Bulath hapaya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius pleurotaenia endemic Black lined barb Hitha massa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius punctatus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius reval native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius sarana native Olive barb Mas pethiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius singhala native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius srilankensis endemic Blotched filamented barb Dankudu pethiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius ticto native Ticto barb Thith pethiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius titteya endemic Cherry barb Lay titteya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius vittatus native Greenstripe barb Podi pethiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rasbora caverii native Cauvery rasbora  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rasbora daniconius native Slender rasbora Dandiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rasbora vaterifloris endemic Pearly rasbora Hal mal dandiya 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rasbora wilpita native Wilpita rasbora Wilpita rasbora 
Perciformes Gobiidae Redigobius balteatus native Rhinohorn goby  
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salmo trutta trutta introduced Sea trout  
Perciformes Gobiidae Schismatogobius deraniyagalai native Redneck goby Redneck goby 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Schistura notostigma endemic Spotback loach Kandu ehirava 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopterus griseus native   
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopus jonklaasi endemic Lipstick goby Lipstick goby 
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago sihama native Silver sillago Kalanda 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stenogobius macropterus native   
Perciformes Gobiidae Stigmatogobius sadanundio native   
Perciformes Gobiidae Stiphodon martenstyni native   
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura strongylura native Spottail needlefish Dhiya moralla 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Tenualosa ilisha native Hilsa shad Sevva 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Tenualosa toli native Toli shad Seriya 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Tetraodon cutcutia native Ocellated pufferfish  
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Tetraodon fluviatilis native Green pufferfish Common puffer 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Tetraodon nigroviridis native Spotted green pufferfish  
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia rendalli introduced Redbreast tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia zillii introduced Redbelly tilapia  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tor khudree native Deccan mahseer Leylla 
Perciformes Toxotidae Toxotes chatareus native Largescale archerfish Dhimitta 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster pectoralis introduced Snakeskin gourami Theppili 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster trichopterus introduced Three spot gourami Theppili 
Siluriformes Siluridae Wallago attu native Wallago Walaya 
Beloniformes Belonidae Xenentodon cancila native Freshwater garfish Yonna 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus hellerii introduced Green swordtail Green swordtail 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus maculatus introduced Southern platyfish Platy 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Zenarchopterus dispar questionable Feathered river-garfish Morella 

Page created by: Eli, 15.08.07, last modified by: Lei, 20.11.08



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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2013

The copy for fish.mongabay.com was written in 1994-1995. Therefore some information such as scientific names may be out of date. For this, I apologize. Feel free to send corrections to me.