List of Freshwater Fishes for Taiwan

Number of freshwater fish species: 184 The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site.
Tropical Freshwater Fish | Biotope aquaria | Country Index

Record number 1 to 184  |  
Order Family Species Status FB name Name
Perciformes Gobiidae Acanthogobius hasta native  長身鯊 
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus berda native Picnic seabream 黃鰭 
Perciformes Gobiidae Acentrogobius chlorostigmatoides native Greenspot goby 綠斑細棘鰕虎魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acheilognathus mesembrinum native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acrossocheilus formosanus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acrossocheilus labiatus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acrossocheilus paradoxus endemic  石斑 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis miops native Flag-tailed glass perchlet 少棘雙邊魚 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis urotaenia native Banded-tail glassy perchlet 細尾雙邊魚 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus citrinellus introduced Midas cichlid  
Perciformes Anabantidae Anabas testudineus native Climbing perch  
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla anguilla not established European eel European eel 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bicolor bicolor native Indonesian shortfin eel  
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bicolor pacifica native Indian short-finned eel 二色鰻 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla japonica native Japanese eel 日本鰻 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla marmorata native Giant mottled eel 鱸鰻 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aphyocypris kikuchii endemic  馬達卡 
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon amboinensis native Amboina cardinalfish  
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon hyalosoma native Humpbacked cardinalfish 大目側仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aristichthys nobilis not established Bighead carp 鱅 
Siluriformes Ariidae Arius dispar native Fleshysnout catfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous melanocephalus native Largesnout goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous ocellaris native  厚唇鯊 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbodes elongatus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbonymus schwanenfeldii introduced Tinfoil barb  
Perciformes Terapontidae Bidyanus bidyanus introduced Bidyan perch Silver perch 
Perciformes Eleotridae Butis gymnopomus native  裸首瘠塘鱧 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Candidia barbatus endemic  台灣鬚鱲 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratus auratus not established Goldfish 鯽 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius carassius native Crucian carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius cuvieri introduced Japanese (white) crucian carp 日本鯽 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucas native Bull shark 公牛白眼鮫 
Perciformes Channidae Channa asiatica native Small snakehead 七星鱧 
Perciformes Channidae Channa gachua questionable   
Perciformes Channidae Channa maculata native Blotched snakehead 鱧魚 
Perciformes Channidae Channa orientalis native Walking snakehead  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chanodichthys erythropterus native Predatory carp 曲腰 
Perciformes Cichlidae Cichlasoma salvini introduced Yellow belly cichlid  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus chinensis not established Chinese mud carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus molitorella introduced Mud carp 鯁魚 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias batrachus introduced Walking catfish Thailand catfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias fuscus native Whitespotted clarias 土殺 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Colisa fasciata introduced Banded gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Colisa labiosus introduced Thick lipped gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Colisa lalia introduced Dwarf gourami  
Characiformes Characidae Colossoma macropomum introduced Tambaqui Pacu 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Crossostoma lacustre endemic  石貼仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idella not established Grass carp 草魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Culter alburnus native  翹嘴鮊 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio carpio introduced Common carp 鯉 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Distoechodon tumirostris native  圓吻鮰 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Doryichthys boaja native  寶珈海龍 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris melanosoma native Broadhead sleeper 黑塘鱧 
Perciformes Gobiidae Favonigobius reichei native Indo-Pacific tropical sand goby 雷氏鯊 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinis introduced Mosquitofish 大肚魚 
Perciformes Cichlidae Geophagus brasiliensis introduced Pearl cichlid  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres decacanthus native Small Chinese silver-biddy  
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius aureus native Golden tank goby 金叉舌鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius celebius native Celebes goby  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Gobiobotia cheni native  陳氏鰍鮀 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Gobiobotia intermedia endemic  中間鰍鮀 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemibarbus labeo native Barbel steed 竹竿頭 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemiculter leucisculus native Sharpbelly 條 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Hemimyzon formosanus endemic  台灣間爬岩鰍 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Hemimyzon taitungensis endemic  石貼仔 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippichthys heptagonus native Belly pipefish 七角海龍 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippichthys penicillus native Beady pipefish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrix not established Silver carp 白鰱 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus limbatus native Congaturi halfbeak 緣下鱵 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus taiwanensis native  臺下鱵 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus plecostomus introduced Suckermouth catfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypsibarbus pierrei introduced  高體高鬚魚 
Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ictalurus punctatus introduced Channel catfish  
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectidae Kareius bicoloratus native Stone flounder  
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia marginata native Dark-margined flagtail 湯鯉 
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia rupestris native Rock flagtail 大口湯鯉 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Larimichthys crocea native Croceine croaker 大黃魚 
Perciformes Latidae Lates calcarifer native Barramundi 盲槽 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leptobarbus hoevenii not established Mad barb Sudan fish 
Siluriformes Amblycipitidae Liobagrus formosanus endemic  黃蜂 
Siluriformes Amblycipitidae Liobagrus nantoensis native   
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Liza macrolepis native Largescale mullet 大鱗鮻 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Liza subviridis native Greenback mullet 白鮻 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Macrognathus aculeatus native Lesser spiny eel 棘鰍 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Macropodus ocellatus questionable Roundtail paradisefish  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Macropodus opercularis native Paradise fish 蓋斑鬥魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Megalobrama amblycephala introduced Wuchang bream 團頭魴 
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops cyprinoides native Indo-Pacific tarpon 海菴 
Perciformes Terapontidae Mesopristes cancellatus native Tapiroid grunter 格紋鯻 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Metzia lineata native  斑 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis brachyurus brachyurus native Short-tailed pipefish 短尾海龍 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis leiaspis native Barhead pipefish 無棘海龍 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis manadensis native Menado pipefish 印尼海龍 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Microphysogobio alticorpus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Microphysogobio brevirostris endemic  車栓仔 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoides not established Largemouth bass Largemouth bass 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Misgurnus anguillicaudatus native Oriental weatherfish 土鰍 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Misgurnus mizolepis native   
Perciformes Monodactylidae Monodactylus argenteus native Silver moony 銀鱗鯧 
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Monopterus albus native Swamp eel 鱔魚 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalus native Flathead mullet 鯔 
Anguilliformes Muraenesocidae Muraenesox cinereus native Daggertooth pike conger 海鰻 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Mylopharyngodon piceus not established Black carp 青魚 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Neopomacentrus taeniurus questionable Freshwater demoiselle 條尾新雀鯛 
Perciformes Blenniidae Omobranchus ferox native Gossamer blenny 黑斑肩鰓鳚 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus masou formosanus endemic  台灣鱒 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykiss introduced Rainbow trout 虹鱒 
Perciformes Eleotridae Ophieleotris aporos native Snakehead gudgeon 無孔塘鱧 
Perciformes Eleotridae Ophiocara porocephala native Northern mud gudgeon 頭孔塘鱧 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis aureus introduced Blue tilapia Blue tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicus introduced Mozambique tilapia Wu-Kuo yu 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticus niloticus introduced Nile tilapia 尼羅口孵魚 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis urolepis hornorum introduced Wami tilapia  
Beloniformes Adrianichthyidae Oryzias latipes extirpated Japanese rice fish 青鮰 
Perciformes Eleotridae Oxyeleotris marmorata introduced Marble goby 斑駁尖塘鱧 
Siluriformes Pangasiidae Pangasianodon hypophthalmus not established Sutchi catfish Thailand catfish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Paracheilognathus himantegus native  革條副鱊 
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis managuensis introduced Guapote tigre  
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Paramisgurnus dabryanus native  紅泥鰍 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pararasbora moltrechti native  台灣副細鯽 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona ditchela native Indian pellona 庇隆鰳 
Characiformes Characidae Piaractus brachypomus not established Pirapitinga  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pisodonophis boro native Rice-paddy eel 波路荳齒蛇鰻 
Osmeriformes Plecoglossidae Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis introduced Ayu Sweet-fish 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia reticulata introduced Guppy  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia velifera introduced Sail-fin molly 帆鰭胎生鮰 
Perciformes Gobiidae Pseudapocryptes elongatus native  尖尾鯊 
Siluriformes Bagridae Pseudobagrus adiposalis native  脂鮠 
Siluriformes Bagridae Pseudobagrus brevianalis native  短臂擬鱨 
Siluriformes Bagridae Pseudobagrus taiwanensis native  台灣擬鱨 
Perciformes Gobiidae Pseudogobius javanicus native  爪哇擬鰕虎 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudorasbora parva introduced Stone moroko 尖嘴仔 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus introduced Vermiculated sailfin catfish  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus introduced Orinoco sailfin catfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius semifasciolatus native Chinese barb 條紋二鬚魞 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rasborinus formosae native  Taiwan lesser-bream 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rasborinus macrolepis native  大鱗細鯿 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius candidianus native  明潭吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius delicatus native  細斑吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius gigas native  大吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius giurinus native  極樂鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius henchuenensis native  恆春吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius lanyuensis native  蘭嶼吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius maculafasciatus native  斑帶吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius nagoyae formosanus native  名古屋吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius nagoyae nagoyae native   
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius nantaiensis native  南台吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius rubromaculatus native  短吻褐斑吻鰕虎 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rhodeus ocellatus native Rosy bitterling 高體鰟鲏 
Perciformes Rhyacichthyidae Rhyacichthys aspro native Loach goby 溪鱧 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Sarcocheilichthys nigripinnis nigripinnis native Rainbow gudgeon  
Perciformes Gobiidae Schismatogobius ampluvinculus native  寬帶裸身鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopterus japonicus native  日本禿頭鯊 
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago sihama native Silver sillago Sand border 
Siluriformes Siluridae Silurus asotus native Amur catfish 廉仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Sinibrama macrops native  目孔 
Perciformes Percichthyidae Siniperca chuatsi introduced Chinese perch Kuei Fa bass 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Sinogastromyzon nantaiensis native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Sinogastromyzon puliensis endemic  石貼仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Spinibarbus hollandi native  更仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalidus argentatus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalidus banarescui native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalidus iijimae native  飯島氏頜鬚鮈 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stenogobius ophthalmoporus native  高身種子鯊 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stiphodon atropurpureus native  菲律賓枝牙鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stiphodon percnopterygionus native  黑鰭枝牙鰕虎 
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura strongylura native Spottail needlefish 圓尾鶴鱵 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Strophidon sathete native Slender giant moray 長鯙 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Takifugu ocellatus native  弓斑多紀魨 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Tenualosa reevesii native Reeve's shad 鰣 
Perciformes Terapontidae Terapon jarbua native Jarbua terapon 花身仔 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia zillii introduced Redbelly tilapia 吉利慈鯛 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster leerii introduced Pearl gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster microlepis introduced Moonlight gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster trichopterus introduced Three spot gourami 絲鰭毛腹魚 
Perciformes Gobiidae Tridentiger trigonocephalus native Chameleon goby 紋縞鰕虎魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Varicorhinus alticorpus native Taiwan ku fish 高身鏟頜魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Varicorhinus barbatulus native Taiwan shoveljaw carp 苦花 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Xenocypris medius native   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus hellerii introduced Green swordtail  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Zacco pachycephalus native  溪哥 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Zacco platypus native Freshwater minnow 溪哥 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Zacco taiwanensis questionable   
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Zenarchopterus ectuntio native   

Page created by: Eli, 15.08.07, last modified by: Lei, 20.11.08



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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2013

The copy for fish.mongabay.com was written in 1994-1995. Therefore some information such as scientific names may be out of date. For this, I apologize. Feel free to send corrections to me.