List of Freshwater Fishes for Uruguay

Number of freshwater fish species: 168 The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site.
Tropical Freshwater Fish | Biotope aquaria | Country Index

Record number 1 to 168  |  
Order Family Species Status FB name Name
Characiformes Acestrorhynchidae Acestrorhynchus falcatus questionable  Dentudo dorado 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus militaris native  Catfish 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanacinus platensis native  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax bimaculatus questionable Twospot astyanax Mojarra piava 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax jacuhiensis native   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax stenohalinus native  Tetra 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Auchenipterus nigripinnis native  Catfish 
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros charrua native   
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros facetus native Chameleon cichlid Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros minuano native   
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros scitulus native   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias adloffi questionable  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias affinis native  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias alexandri native  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias arachan native   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias bellottii native Argentine pearlfish Cinolebia 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias cinereus native  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias duraznensis native   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias gymnoventris native  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias luteoflammulatus native  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias luzardoi native   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias melanoorus native  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias nigripinnis native Blackfin pearlfish Cinolebia 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias nioni native  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias vazferreirai native  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias viarius endemic  Killifish 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus bombilla native   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus draco native   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus native   
Characiformes Characidae Brycon orbignyanus native  Pirapitá 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus iheringii native  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus stramineus native  Tetra 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Bunocephalus doriae native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Callichthys callichthys native Cascarudo Cascarudo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratus auratus introduced Goldfish  
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Catathyridium jenynsii native  Lenguado 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Catathyridium lorentzii native  Lenguado 
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis gobioides native   
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium zebra questionable   
Characiformes Characidae Charax gibbosus misidentification Glass headstander Dentudo jorobado chico 
Characiformes Characidae Charax stenopterus native  Glass headstander 
Characiformes Characidae Cheirodon ibicuhiensis native  Mojarrita 
Characiformes Characidae Cheirodon interruptus native Uruguay tetra Mojarrita 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Cnesterodon carnegiei native  Madrecita 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Cnesterodon holopteros native   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras paleatus native Peppered corydoras Chavito 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla celidochilus native  Pike cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla lepidota native Pike cichlid Cabeza amarga 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla punctata native   
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla scottii native  Pike cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla vittata native  Pike cichlid 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idella introduced Grass carp  
Characiformes Characidae Cyanocharax uruguayensis native  Tetra 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynolebias reicherti native   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynopoecilus melanotaenia native  Killifish 
Characiformes Characidae Cynopotamus argenteus native  Dientudo jorobado 
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax platanus native  Characin 
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax voga native  Characin 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio carpio introduced Common carp Carpa 
Characiformes Characidae Diapoma speculiferum native  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Diapoma terofali native  Tetra 
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Eigenmannia trilineata native  Señorita 
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Eigenmannia virescens native Glass knifefish Señorita 
Characiformes Characidae Galeocharax humeralis native  Dientudo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Geophagus brasiliensis native Pearl cichlid Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus balzanii native Argentine humphead Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus gymnogenys native Smooth-cheek eartheater Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus meridionalis native  Earth eater 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus rhabdotus native Stripefin eartheater Castañeta 
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus carapo native Banded knifefish Carapo 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Hemisorubim platyrhynchos questionable Porthole shovelnose catfish  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Heptapterus mustelinus native  Catfish 
Characiformes Characidae Heterocheirodon jacuiensis native   
Characiformes Characidae Heterocheirodon yatai native  Tetra 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hisonotus candombe native   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hisonotus charrua native   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hisonotus ringueleti native   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Homodiaetus anisitsi native  Chupa-chupa 
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias malabaricus native Trahira Tararira 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Hoplosternum littorale native Hassar Cascarudo 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon luetkenii native  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon uruguayensis native  Tetra 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus commersoni native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus laplatae native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus luteomaculatus native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus regani native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus ternetzi native   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus uruguayensis questionable  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Iheringichthys labrosus native   
Cyprinodontiformes Anablepidae Jenynsia lineata native Onesided livebearer Overito 
Cyprinodontiformes Anablepidae Jenynsia multidentata native Rio de la Plata onesided livebearer Overito 
Cyprinodontiformes Anablepidae Jenynsia onca native   
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus obtusidens native  Characin 
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus striatus native  Characin 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricariichthys anus native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Luciopimelodus pati questionable Pati Patí 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Lycengraulis grossidens native Atlantic sabretooth anchovy Anchoita 
Characiformes Characidae Macropsobrycon uruguayanae native  Mojarrita 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Megalancistrus parananus native  Catfish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Megalebias cheradophilus endemic  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Megalebias prognathus endemic  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Megalebias wolterstorffi native  Killifish 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes argentinensis native   
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes bonariensis native Pejerrey Pejerrey 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes humensis native  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes incisa native  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes orientalis native   
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes perugiae native  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes retropinnis native  Silverside 
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus argenteus misidentification   
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus jenynsii native  Pike characin 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykiss not established Rainbow trout  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Otocinclus flexilis native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Doradidae Oxydoras kneri native  Catfish 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pachyurus bonariensis native La Plata croaker Corvina de rió 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Paraloricaria commersonoides native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Parapimelodus valenciennis native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Paravandellia oxyptera native Pantanal parasitic catfish Chupa-chupa 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona flavipinnis native Yellowfin river pellona Sardina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phalloceros caudimaculatus native Dusky millions fish Madrecita 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phalloptychus januarius native  Madrecita 
Characiformes Characidae Piaractus mesopotamicus native Pacu  
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus absconditus questionable   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus pintado native   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Plagioscion ternetzi native Freshwater croaker Corvina de rió 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Platanichthys platana native River Plate sprat Sardina 
Siluriformes Doradidae Platydoras armatulus native Southern striped raphael  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia vivipara native   
Characiformes Curimatidae Potamorhina squamoralevis native  Characin 
Rajiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon brachyura native Short-tailed river stingray  
Rajiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon hystrix native Porcupine river stingray Chucho de río 
Rajiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon motoro native Ocellate river stingray Chucho de río 
Characiformes Prochilodontidae Prochilodus lineatus native Streaked prochilod Sábalo 
Characiformes Characidae Pseudocorynopoma doriae native Dragonfin tetra Mojarra aletuda 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pseudohemiodon devincenzii native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Pseudopimelodus mangurus native   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pseudoplatystoma corruscans native Spotted sorubim Surubí 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum questionable Barred sorubim Surubí atigrado 
Siluriformes Doradidae Pterodoras granulosus native Granulated catfish Armado común 
Characiformes Characidae Pygocentrus nattereri native Red piranha Palometa de rio 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Ramnogaster melanostoma native Uruguay river sprat Sardina 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia quelen native  Catfish 
Characiformes Cynodontidae Rhaphiodon vulpinus native Biara Chafalote 
Siluriformes Doradidae Rhinodoras dorbignyi native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ricola macrops native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria baliola native   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria felipponei native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria isaaci native   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria pareiacantha native  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria thrissoceps native  Catfish 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides microlepis native  Dientudo jorobado 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides paranensis native Parana scale-eating characin  
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides prognathus native  Dientudo jorobado 
Characiformes Characidae Salminus brasiliensis native Jaw characin Pirayú 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Scleronema angustirostre native   
Characiformes Characidae Serrapinnus calliurus native   
Characiformes Characidae Serrasalmus maculatus native   
Characiformes Characidae Serrasalmus marginatus native   
Characiformes Characidae Serrasalmus spilopleura native Speckled piranha Piraña 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Sorubim lima native Duckbill catfish Cucharón 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Steindachneridion scriptum native  Catfish 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina biornata native  Characin 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina brevipinna native  Characin 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina conspersa native   
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Synbranchus marmoratus native Marbled swamp eel Anguila 
Characiformes Characidae Tetragonopterus argenteus native   
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Trachelyopterus teaguei native  Torito 
Characiformes Characidae Triportheus paranensis native Tetra Mojarra 

Page created by: Eli, 15.08.07, last modified by: Lei, 20.11.08



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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2013

The copy for fish.mongabay.com was written in 1994-1995. Therefore some information such as scientific names may be out of date. For this, I apologize. Feel free to send corrections to me.