Freshwater Fish Species in Zambezi River [Southern Africa]

The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity.
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Fish Species in Zambezi


[No. of Species listed in Fishbase.org=187]
Species Family Habitat Length (cm) Trophic level Status
Acanthopagrus berda Sparidae demersal 90 TL 3.3 native
Aethiomastacembelus shiranus Mastacembelidae benthopelagic 26 TL 4.0 native
Aethiomastacembelus vanderwaali Mastacembelidae benthopelagic 16 TL 3.3 native
Alestes lateralis Alestiidae pelagic 18 TL 3.2 native
Ambassis gymnocephalus Ambassidae demersal 16 TL 3.2 native
Ambassis natalensis Ambassidae demersal 11 TL 3.7 native
Ambassis productus Ambassidae demersal 15 TL 3.7 native
Amphilius natalensis Amphiliidae demersal 16 TL 3.2 native
Amphilius uranoscopus Amphiliidae demersal 20 TL 2.9 native
Anguilla bengalensis labiata Anguillidae demersal 160 TL 3.7 native
Anguilla bicolor bicolor Anguillidae demersal 100 TL 3.6 native
Anguilla marmorata Anguillidae demersal 200 TL 3.3 native
Anguilla mossambica Anguillidae demersal 150 TL 3.3 native
Aplocheilichthys hutereaui Poeciliidae benthopelagic 4 TL 3.1 native
Aplocheilichthys johnstoni Poeciliidae benthopelagic 9 TL 3.2 native
Aplocheilichthys katangae Poeciliidae benthopelagic 5 TL 3.3 native
Arius dussumieri Ariidae demersal 76 TL 4.0 native
Astatotilapia calliptera Cichlidae benthopelagic 19 TL 3.0 native
Auchenoglanis ngamensis Bagridae demersal 47 TL 3.1 native
Awaous aeneofuscus Gobiidae benthopelagic 32 TL 3.1 native
Barbus afrohamiltoni Cyprinidae benthopelagic 22 TL 3.2 native
Barbus afrovernayi Cyprinidae benthopelagic 6 TL 3.5 native
Barbus annectens Cyprinidae benthopelagic 10 TL 3.0 native
Barbus atkinsoni Cyprinidae benthopelagic 4 TL 3.0 native
Barbus barnardi Cyprinidae benthopelagic 9 TL 3.0 native
Barbus barotseensis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 7 TL 2.9 native
Barbus bellcrossi Cyprinidae benthopelagic 9 TL 3.0 native
Barbus bifrenatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 9 TL 2.5 native
Barbus breviceps Cyprinidae benthopelagic 10 TL 3.0 native
Barbus brevidorsalis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 5 TL 3.0 native
Barbus choloensis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 22 TL 3.1 native
Barbus codringtoni Cyprinidae benthopelagic 39 TL 3.7 native
Barbus dorsolineatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 10 TL 3.0 native
Barbus eutaenia Cyprinidae benthopelagic 18 TL 3.2 native
Barbus fasciolatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 8 TL 3.0 native
Barbus haasianus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 4 TL 3.0 native
Barbus kerstenii kerstenii Cyprinidae benthopelagic 11 TL 3.0 native
Barbus lineomaculatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 11 TL 3.0 native
Barbus macrotaenia Cyprinidae benthopelagic 5 TL 3.0 native
Barbus manicensis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 19 TL 3.1 native
Barbus marequensis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 47 TL 3.2 native
Barbus mattozi Cyprinidae benthopelagic 49 TL 3.3 native
Barbus miolepis miolepis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 16 TL 3.0 native
Barbus multilineatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 6 TL 3.0 native
Barbus neefi Cyprinidae benthopelagic 9 TL 3.0 native
Barbus paludinosus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 19 TL 2.8 native
Barbus poechii Cyprinidae benthopelagic 14 TL 3.4 native
Barbus radiatus radiatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 15 TL 2.8 native
Barbus tangandensis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 10 TL 3.0 native
Barbus thamalakanensis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 5 TL 2.6 native
Barbus toppini Cyprinidae benthopelagic 49 TL 2.7 native
Barbus trimaculatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 19 TL 3.2 native
Barbus unitaeniatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 18 TL 2.8 native
Barbus viviparus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 9 TL 2.9 native
Brachysomophis crocodilinus Ophichthidae reef-associated 120 TL 4.1 native
Brycinus imberi Alestiidae demersal 20 TL 3.3 native
Caecomastacembelus frenatus Mastacembelidae demersal 49 TL 3.9 native
Carassius auratus auratus Cyprinidae demersal 59 TL 2.0 introduced
Carcharhinus leucas Carcharhinidae demersal 350 TL 4.3 native
Chelonodon laticeps Tetraodontidae demersal 20 TL 3.1 native
Chiloglanis emarginatus Mochokidae benthopelagic 8 TL 3.2 native
Chiloglanis neumanni Mochokidae benthopelagic 8 TL 2.8 native
Chiloglanis pretoriae Mochokidae benthopelagic 8 TL 3.2 native
Clariallabes platyprosopos Clariidae demersal 30 TL 4.5 native
Clarias gariepinus Clariidae benthopelagic 170 TL 4.4 native
Clarias liocephalus Clariidae demersal 32 TL 3.3 native
Clarias ngamensis Clariidae demersal 73 TL 4.3 native
Clarias stappersii Clariidae demersal 51 TL 4.5 native
Clarias submarginatus Clariidae demersal 16 TL 2.8 native
Clarias theodorae Clariidae demersal 35 TL 4.4 native
Coptostomabarbus wittei Cyprinidae benthopelagic 5 TL 2.7 native
Ctenopoma ctenotis Anabantidae benthopelagic 7 TL 3.0 native
Ctenopoma multispine Anabantidae benthopelagic 14 TL 3.8 native
Cyprinus carpio carpio Cyprinidae benthopelagic 147 TL 3.0 introduced
Distichodus mossambicus Citharinidae pelagic 70 TL 2.0 native
Distichodus schenga Citharinidae pelagic 61 TL 2.5 native
Elops machnata Elopidae pelagic 131 TL 4.0 native
Gambusia affinis Poeciliidae benthopelagic 7 TL 3.2 introduced
Glossogobius callidus Gobiidae demersal 12 TL 3.0 native
Glossogobius giuris Gobiidae demersal 61 TL 4.3 native
Haplochromis acuticeps Cichlidae benthopelagic 12 TL 3.0 native
Hemichromis elongatus Cichlidae benthopelagic 0 TL 0.0 native
Hemichromis fasciatus Cichlidae benthopelagic 25 TL 3.5 native
Hemigrammocharax machadoi Citharinidae pelagic 5 TL 3.1 native
Hemigrammocharax multifasciatus Citharinidae pelagic 6 TL 3.1 native
Hemigrammopetersius barnardi Alestiidae pelagic 9 TL 3.4 native
Hepsetus odoe Hepsetidae demersal 70 TL 4.5 native
Heterobranchus longifilis Clariidae demersal 183 TL 3.7 native
Hilsa kelee Clupeidae pelagic 35 TL 3.3 native
Hippopotamyrus ansorgii Mormyridae demersal 19 TL 3.2 native
Hippopotamyrus discorhynchus Mormyridae demersal 38 TL 3.2 native
Hydrocynus forskalii Alestiidae pelagic 96 TL 4.0 native
Hydrocynus vittatus Alestiidae demersal 117 TL 4.5 native
Hypsopanchax jubbi Poeciliidae benthopelagic 5 TL 3.2 native
Kneria angolensis Kneriidae benthopelagic 9 TL 0.0 native
Kneria auriculata Kneriidae benthopelagic 7 TL 0.0 native
Kneria polli Kneriidae benthopelagic 7 TL 0.0 native
Labeo altivelis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 49 TL 2.4 native
Labeo congoro Cyprinidae benthopelagic 51 TL 2.4 native
Labeo cylindricus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 49 TL 2.0 native
Labeo lunatus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 49 TL 2.4 native
Labeo molybdinus Cyprinidae benthopelagic 47 TL 2.4 native
Leiognathus equulus Leiognathidae benthopelagic 28 TL 3.6 native
Lepomis macrochirus Centrarchidae benthopelagic 41 TL 3.3 introduced
Leptoglanis dorae Amphiliidae demersal 4 TL 2.9 native
Leptoglanis rotundiceps Amphiliidae demersal 7 TL 3.0 native
Limnothrissa miodon Clupeidae pelagic 21 TL 3.0 introduced
Liza alata Mugilidae benthopelagic 75 TL 2.3 native
Malapterurus electricus Malapteruridae benthopelagic 149 TL 4.5 native
Malapterurus shirensis Malapteruridae benthopelagic 37 TL 3.0 native
Marcusenius macrolepidotus Mormyridae demersal 32 TL 3.2 native
Megalops cyprinoides Megalopidae pelagic 150 TL 3.3 native
Mesobola brevianalis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 10 TL 3.2 native
Micralestes acutidens Alestiidae pelagic 11 TL 2.9 native
Micralestes humilis Alestiidae pelagic 11 TL 3.0 native
Microctenopoma intermedium Anabantidae benthopelagic 7 TL 3.2 native
Microphis brachyurus brachyurus Syngnathidae demersal 27 TL 3.3 native
Microphis fluviatilis Syngnathidae demersal 21 TL 3.4 native
Micropterus salmoides Centrarchidae benthopelagic 97 TL 3.8 introduced
Mormyrops anguilloides Mormyridae demersal 150 TL 4.0 native
Mormyrus lacerda Mormyridae demersal 50 TL 3.7 native
Mormyrus longirostris Mormyridae demersal 92 TL 3.3 native
Mugilogobius mertoni Gobiidae demersal 8 TL 3.2 native
Nannocharax macropterus Citharinidae pelagic 8 TL 3.5 native
Neolebias lozii Citharinidae pelagic 3 TL 3.5 native
Nothobranchius kafuensis Aplocheilidae benthopelagic 6 TL 3.2 endemic
Nothobranchius orthonotus Aplocheilidae benthopelagic 10 TL 3.3 native
Nothobranchius rachovii Aplocheilidae benthopelagic 6 TL 3.2 native
Oncorhynchus mykiss Salmonidae benthopelagic 120 TL 4.4 introduced
Opsaridium tweddleorum Cyprinidae demersal 14 TL 2.9 native
Opsaridium zambezense Cyprinidae benthopelagic 19 TL 3.4 native
Oreochromis andersonii Cichlidae benthopelagic 61 TL 2.0 native
Oreochromis macrochir macrochir Cichlidae benthopelagic 53 TL 2.0 native
Oreochromis mortimeri Cichlidae benthopelagic 48 TL 2.7 native
Oreochromis mossambicus Cichlidae benthopelagic 48 TL 2.0 native
Oreochromis placidus placidus Cichlidae benthopelagic 36 TL 2.9 native
Oreochromis shiranus shiranus Cichlidae benthopelagic 48 TL 2.0 native
Pantodon buchholzi Pantodontidae pelagic 10 TL 3.6 native
Parakneria fortuita Kneriidae benthopelagic 7 TL 2.0 endemic
Parakneria mossambica Kneriidae benthopelagic 8 TL 2.3 native
Paramormyrops jacksoni Mormyridae demersal 6 TL 3.1 native
Periophthalmus argentilineatus Gobiidae demersal 19 TL 3.0 native
Petrocephalus catostoma catostoma Mormyridae demersal 17 TL 3.4 native
Petrocephalus wesselsi Mormyridae pelagic 12 TL 3.1 native
Pharyngochromis darlingi Cichlidae demersal 22 TL 3.5 native
Poecilia reticulata Poeciliidae benthopelagic 7 TL 3.2 introduced
Pollimyrus castelnaui Mormyridae demersal 9 TL 3.2 native
Pristis microdon Pristidae demersal 656 TL 3.9 native
Protopterus amphibius Protopteridae demersal 45 TL 3.2 native
Protopterus annectens brieni Protopteridae demersal 90 TL 3.8 native
Pseudocrenilabrus philander philander Cichlidae benthopelagic 13 TL 3.7 native
Rhabdalestes maunensis Alestiidae pelagic 9 TL 3.3 native
Schilbe intermedius Schilbeidae pelagic 61 TL 3.7 native
Schilbe mystus Schilbeidae demersal 40 TL 3.3 native
Schilbe yangambianus Schilbeidae demersal 25 TL 3.2 native
Serranochromis altus Cichlidae demersal 56 TL 4.3 native
Serranochromis angusticeps Cichlidae demersal 51 TL 4.5 native
Serranochromis carlottae Cichlidae demersal 43 TL 3.6 native
Serranochromis codringtonii Cichlidae demersal 39 TL 3.3 native
Serranochromis giardi Cichlidae benthopelagic 48 TL 3.5 native
Serranochromis greenwoodi Cichlidae demersal 37 TL 3.7 native
Serranochromis longimanus Cichlidae demersal 37 TL 3.9 native
Serranochromis macrocephalus Cichlidae demersal 43 TL 4.2 native
Serranochromis mortimeri Cichlidae demersal 34 TL 3.0 native
Serranochromis robustus jallae Cichlidae demersal 49 TL 3.2 native
Serranochromis robustus robustus Cichlidae demersal 56 TL 4.1 native
Serranochromis thumbergi Cichlidae demersal 33 TL 3.7 native
Sillago sihama Sillaginidae demersal 37 TL 3.4 native
Solea bleekeri Soleidae demersal 17 TL 3.5 native
Stenogobius kenyae Gobiidae demersal 12 TL 3.3 native
Synodontis leopardinus Mochokidae benthopelagic 24 TL 3.4 native
Synodontis macrostigma Mochokidae benthopelagic 18 TL 3.4 native
Synodontis macrostoma Mochokidae benthopelagic 12 TL 2.9 native
Synodontis nebulosus Mochokidae benthopelagic 19 TL 2.5 native
Synodontis nigromaculatus Mochokidae benthopelagic 39 TL 3.1 native
Synodontis vanderwaali Mochokidae benthopelagic 20 TL 2.8 native
Synodontis woosnami Mochokidae benthopelagic 26 TL 2.3 native
Synodontis zambesiensis Mochokidae benthopelagic 53 TL 2.7 native
Terapon jarbua Terapontidae demersal 36 TL 3.4 native
Thryssa vitrirostris Engraulidae pelagic 20 TL 3.7 native
Tilapia rendalli Cichlidae benthopelagic 45 TL 2.2 native
Tilapia ruweti Cichlidae benthopelagic 11 TL 2.4 native
Tilapia sparrmanii Cichlidae benthopelagic 24 TL 2.7 native
Valamugil seheli Mugilidae reef-associated 60 TL 2.3 native
Varicorhinus pungweensis Cyprinidae benthopelagic 22 TL 3.0 native
Xiphophorus hellerii Poeciliidae benthopelagic 16 TL 3.2 introduced
Yongeichthys nebulosus Gobiidae reef-associated 22 TL 3.5 native
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Page generated June 30, 2003 from Fishbase.org. Page created by: Jen, 15.11.01, last modified by Jen, 27.02.02.



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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2013

The copy for fish.mongabay.com was written in 1994-1995. Therefore some information such as scientific names may be out of date. For this, I apologize. Feel free to send corrections to me.