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Labyrinth Fish / Belontiidae / Croaking Gourami

Croaking Gourami
Trichopsis vittatus


Synonyms: Ctenops vittatus, Osphromenus vittatus, O. striatus, Trichopsis striata, T. vittata, Trichopus striatus
Physical description: An elongated, laterally compressed fish with pointed anal, dorsal, and caudal fins. The back is dark beige, while the flanks are light beige to off-white. The flanks are marked with three transverse stripes that are brown to red in color. These run from the snout, parallel to one another, to the caudal fin. A spot, blue or black in color, is located near the gill cover. The rear half of the body may have a green iridescence. The fins range from blue-green to violet in color with overlaying red stripes and spots. These fins have a blue and red edging. The iris of the eye is blue.
Size/Length: To 2.7" (7 cm)
Similar species: Other Trichopsis species.
Habitat: Inhabits small ponds, canals, creeks, and lakes in Southeast Asia; Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam
S: middle
Aquarium: A tank measuring 20" (51 cm) with a capacity of 10 gallons (38 L) is sufficient for a pair. Follow suggestions for T. pumilus.
Water chemistry: pH 6.3-7.5 (6.9), 2-14 dH (8), 73-82° (23-28°C)
Social behavior: A timid, peaceful species that can be combined with other small, calm fish. Males are occasionally aggressive in defending their territory at spawning times.
Suggested companions: Tetras, Corydoras , peaceful Barbs, small gouramis, Loaches, Loricarids
FOOD: Live; insect larvae, Drosophila, crustaceans, Tubifex; flakes
Sexual differences: Males have a longer anal fin.
Breeding techniques: Similar to T. pumila, although this species requires a water temperature from 84-88°F (29-31°C), a water hardness from 1-4°dH, and a low water level of 3-6" (8-15 cm). Up to 240 eggs are laid and deposited in the bubble nest.
Breeding potential: 8. Breeding is difficult.
Remarks: This species also emits croaking noises at times of excitement, especially during spawning acts.
Difficulty of care: 4. This species is relatively sensitive.


By Rhett Butler   Mongabay.com