P. nigra, P. pruba,
Physical description: A laterally compressed fish with and upturned mouth.
The body may be elongated and the caudal
fin in generally fan-shaped.
The original form had a dark brown-olive back with bluish flanks.
The flanks are often marked with two
to five transverse stripes.
The belly is whitish.
Most Platies now available are selectively produced.
Size/Length: Males to 1.5" (4 cm), females to 2.3" (6 cm)
Similar species: Other Xiphophorus
Habitat: Inhabits rivers on the Atlantic slope of Central America; Mexico, Belize, Guatemala,
Honduras S: middle
Aquarium: A tank measuring 20" (51 cm) with a capacity of 10 gallons (38 L) is suggested.
well-planted areas and maybe a cover of floating plants to serve as refuge for fry.
Water chemistry: pH 7-8.3 (7.4), 10-28 dH (18); 68-79°F (20-26°C)
Social behavior: A peaceful community fish.
Adults may consume fry, although not as often as other
Suggested companions: Poecilia
, tetras which can tolerate harder, more alkaline water, Loricarids.
FOOD: Flakes; small pellets; occasionally algae; live; insects, insect larvae, worms, brine
shrimp SEX: Males are smaller with a gonopodium.
Breeding techniques: This species is sexually mature at four months.
As many as 80 fry are born after a gestation
period of four to six weeks.
The fry should be protected from the adults.
Breeding potential: 2.
An easily bred species.
Remarks: There are numerous cultivated varieties available: Wag tail, red, Moon, blue, Coral,
gold, Tuxedo, Mirror, Mickey Mouse, Comet, and black.
had been crossed with
Difficulty of care: 2.
A hardy fish suitable for a beginner.
If this fish dies, first test the pH to be sure
that it is not below 7.0.
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