List of Freshwater Fishes for Iran (Islamic Rep. of)

Number of freshwater fish species: 240 The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site.
Tropical Freshwater Fish | Biotope aquaria | Country Index

Record number 1 to 240  |  
Order Family Species Status FB name Name
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Abramis brama native Common bream Mahi-ye Sim 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Abramis sapa native White-eye bream Mahi Sim Kondpuzh 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acanthalburnus microlepis native Blackbrow bleak Morvaridmahi-e-labnazok 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acanthalburnus urmianus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acanthobrama marmid native  Kalashpa 
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus berda native Picnic seabream  
Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser gueldenstaedtii native Russian sturgeon Chalbash 
Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser nudiventris native Fringebarbel sturgeon Mahi-e Kaviar 
Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser persicus native Persian sturgeon Kara Burun 
Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser ruthenus native Sterlet استرلياد 
Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser stellatus native Starry sturgeon Darakul 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnoides bipunctatus native Spirlin Shebhe Zury 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnoides taeniatus native Striped bystranka  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus akili questionable   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus alburnus native Bleak Kuli Irani 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus atropatenae endemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus caeruleus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus chalcoides native Danube bleak Shah Mahi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus doriae native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus filippii native Kura bleak Kuli Kura 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus heckeli native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus mossulensis native  Shah Kuli Jonubi 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Alosa caspia caspia native Caspian shad شاه ماهي 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Alosa immaculata native Pontic shad Posht Siah 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Alosa kessleri native Caspian anadromous shad Shagmahi-e-moohajer 
Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ameiurus nebulosus introduced Brown bullhead  
Perciformes Gobiidae Anatirostrum profundorum native Dockbill pugolovka Gav Mahi Nokhardkeh 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla anguilla introduced European eel Mar Mahi Ma'muli 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius asquamatus native Scaleless killifish آفانيوس 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius dispar dispar native  آفانيوس 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius ginaonis endemic  Kopur Rndandar Genu 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius isfahanensis native  Kapourdandan-e Isfahan 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius mento native  Kopur Rndandar Irani 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius punctatus native   
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius sophiae native  Kopur Rndandar Sufieh 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius vladykovi endemic  Mahi Prchmeh 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aristichthys nobilis introduced Bighead carp Kapoor-e-Sargondeh 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aspidoparia morar native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aspius aspius native Asp Khasham 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aspius vorax native  Sholge 
Perciformes Gobiidae Asra turcomanus native   
Atheriniformes Atherinidae Atherina boyeri native Big-scale sand smelt Atrinka 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Barbatula bergiana endemic  Sagmahi-e-jooibari 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Barbatula brandtii native Kura loach  
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Barbatula farsica native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Barbatula frenata native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Barbatula kermanshahensis endemic   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Barbatula persa endemic   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Barbatula tigris native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus barbulus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus brachycephalus brachycephalus native Aral barbel سس ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus brachycephalus caspius native Caspian barbel Sassmahi-e-Daryaye-Khazar 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus capito capito native Bulatmai barbel Usach Bulatmai 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus ciscaucasicus native Terek barbel سس ماهي قفقازي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus cyclolepis questionable  سس ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus esocinus native Mangar Soong 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus grypus native  Rumi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus kersin native  Berzem 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus lacerta native Kura barbel Bellizem 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus mursa native Mursa Mahi Siah 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus mystaceus questionable  سس ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus pectoralis native  Bassan 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus plebejus native  سس ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus sublimus endemic  سس ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus subquincunciatus native  Soleimani 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus xanthopterus native  Gatan 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius mesopotamicus native   
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophiloides brauneri native   
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus baeri native Baer pugolovka Gav Mahi Baer 
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus ctenolepidus native  Gav Mahi Shfaf 
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus granulosus native Granular pugolovka  
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus leptocephalus native   
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus leptorhynchus native Short-snout pugolovka  
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus macrocephalus native Caspian tadpole goby Gav Mahi Vzgheh 
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus magistri native Azov tadpole goby Gav Mahi Lenkoran 
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus stellatus native Stellate tadpole-goby Gav Mahi Khtri 
Perciformes Gobiidae Benthophilus svetovidovi native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Blicca bjoerkna native White bream Seamparak 
Perciformes Gobiidae Boleophthalmus dussumieri native  Eshlambo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Caecocypris basimi questionable   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta aculeata native  Siah Mahi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta barroisi native  Siah Mahi Dasht-e Arzhani 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta buhsei endemic  Mahi Sibeli 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta capoeta capoeta native Transcaucasian barb Siah Mahi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta capoeta gracilis native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta damascina native  Gel Khorok 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta fusca native  Siah Mahi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta trutta native  Touyeni 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carasobarbus luteus native  Himri 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratus auratus introduced Goldfish Mahi-e-hoz 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius carassius introduced Crucian carp ماهي حوض 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucas native Bull shark Kooseh 
Petromyzontiformes Petromyzontidae Caspiomyzon wagneri native Caspian lamprey Mahi Dahangerd Daryacheh-ye Khazar 
Perciformes Channidae Channa gachua native  Mahi Sar Mary 
Perciformes Channidae Channa orientalis native Walking snakehead  
Gonorynchiformes Chanidae Chanos chanos native Milkfish Khameh Mahi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chondrostoma orientale native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chondrostoma oxyrhynchum native Terek nase  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chondrostoma regium native  Heif-e Noon 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Clupeonella cultriventris native Black Sea sprat Kilka-ye Ma'muli 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Cobitis elazigensis native  سگ ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Cobitis linea endemic  سگ ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Cobitis taenia native Spined loach Sagmahi-e-jooibari 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Cobitis turcica native  سگ ماهي 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Coregonus lavaretus introduced Common whitefish Koregon 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Crossocheilus diplochilus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Crossocheilus latius native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idella introduced Grass carp Amoor 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinion kais native  Butak Dehan Kuchek 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinion macrostomum native  بوتك 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinion microphthalmum microphthalmum native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinion milesi native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinion tenuiradius native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinion watsoni native  Sheydaar 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio carpio introduced Common carp Kapoor-e-Maamoli 
Esociformes Esocidae Esox lucius native Northern pike Ordak Mahi 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia holbrooki introduced Eastern mosquitofish Gambusia 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra persica native  سنگ ليس 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra rossica native  Anjarak 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra rufa native  Gararufa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra variabilis native  سنگ ليس 
Gasterosteiformes Gasterosteidae Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus introduced Three-spined stickleback Sehkhareh 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius giuris native Tank goby Gel-ye Mahi Chshm Noarye 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax armeniacus native Armenian mountain cat سگ ماهي 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax cous native  سگ ماهي 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax kurdistanicus native  Gorbeh Mahi Kordestan 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax silviae endemic  Gorbeh Mahi Jonub 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax steindachneri native  سگ ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Gobio gobio gobio native Gudgeon Mahi Kopur Kafzi 
Perciformes Percidae Gymnocephalus cernuus native Ruffe  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemiculter leucisculus introduced Sharpbelly Tizeh-kuli 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemigrammocapoeta elegans native   
Siluriformes Heteropneustidae Heteropneustes fossilis native Stinging catfish Dudeh 
Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Huso huso native Beluga Sag Mahi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrix not established Silver carp Kopur Noqreai 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Ilamnemacheilus longipinnis native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Iranocypris typhlops endemic Iran cave barb Mahi-ye Kurghar 
Perciformes Gobiidae Knipowitschia caucasica native  Gel-ye Mahi Qffazye 
Perciformes Gobiidae Knipowitschia longecaudata questionable   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Kosswigobarbus kosswigi native  Abu Henesh 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo gedrosicus questionable   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo macmahoni questionable   
Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis macrochirus introduced Bluegill  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leucalburnus satunini native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leucaspius delineatus native Belica Mahi Riz Noqrehai 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscus gaderanus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscus latus native   
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Liza abu native Abu mullet Shochy 
Gadiformes Lotidae Lota lota native Burbot Lot 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Mastacembelus mastacembelus native  Mar Mahi 
Perciformes Gobiidae Mesogobius batrachocephalus questionable Knout goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Mesogobius nigronotatus native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi native  Binni 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoides introduced Largemouth bass Khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak 
Perciformes Moronidae Morone saxatilis introduced Striped bass  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalus native Flathead mullet Kafal 
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus pelusius native  Abu-zummair 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Nemacheilus angorae native Angora loach Sag Mahi Angora 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Nemacheilus baluchiorum native  سگ ماهي 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Nemacheilus longicaudus native Eastern crested loach سگ ماهي 
Perciformes Gobiidae Neogobius fluviatilis fluviatilis native Monkey goby Gel-ye Mahi Rudkhaneha-ye 
Perciformes Gobiidae Neogobius gymnotrachelus questionable Racer goby گاو ماهي 
Perciformes Gobiidae Neogobius iljini native  گاو ماهي 
Perciformes Gobiidae Neogobius kessleri native Bighead goby Gavmahi-e-sargondeh 
Perciformes Gobiidae Neogobius melanostomus native Round goby Gel-ye Mahi Gerd 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus gorbuscha introduced Pink salmon  
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus keta introduced Chum salmon Azad Mahi Keta 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus kisutch introduced Coho salmon  
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykiss introduced Rainbow trout Qezel Ala Ranginkaman 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticus niloticus introduced Nile tilapia  
Beloniformes Adrianichthyidae Oryzias latipes introduced Japanese rice fish  
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Paracobitis ghazniensis native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Paracobitis iranica native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Paracobitis malapterura native Western crested loach Sagmahi-e-jooibari 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Paracobitis rhadinaeus native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Paracobitis smithi endemic Blind loach  
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Paracobitis vignai native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pelecus cultratus native Ziege Shamshir Mahi Ab Shirin 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona ditchela native Indian pellona  
Perciformes Percidae Perca fluviatilis native European perch Suf Rudkhaneh-ye 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Petroleuciscus persidis endemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Petroleuciscus ulanus endemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pimephales promelas introduced Fathead minnow  
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectidae Platichthys flesus introduced Flounder  
Perciformes Gobiidae Proterorhinus marmoratus native Tubenose goby Gel-ye Mahi Marmari 
Perciformes Gobiidae Proterorhinus semipellucidus questionable   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudorasbora parva introduced Stone moroko Amurcheh 
Gasterosteiformes Gasterosteidae Pungitius platygaster native Southern ninespine stickleback Mahi Khardar 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius similis introduced  Gel-ye Mahi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rhodeus amarus native Bitterling Mahi Mokhrj Lulehai 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rhodeus sericeus native Amur bitterling ماهي مخرج لوله اي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Romanogobio ciscaucasicus native North Caucasian longbarbel gudgeon گاو ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Romanogobio persus native Kura gudgeon گاو ماهي 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rutilus atropatenus native Shirvan roachling  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rutilus frisii introduced Kutum Mahi Safid Daryacheh Khazar 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rutilus rutilus native Roach Kolme 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Sabanejewia aurata aurata native Goldside loach Sag Mahi Khardar 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Sabanejewia caspia native Caspian spined loach Mahi Roshtegar Talaee 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Sabanejewia caucasica native Ciscaucasian spined loach  
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salmo trutta fario native Brown trout Ghezelala-e-Khalghermez 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salmo trutta trutta introduced Sea trout Mahiazad-e-Daryaye Khazar 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salvelinus fontinalis introduced Brook trout Azad Mahi Cheshmahi 
Perciformes Percidae Sander lucioperca native Pike-perch Suf-e Ma'muli 
Perciformes Percidae Sander marinus native Estuarine perch  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Scardinius erythrophthalmus native Rudd Sorkh Baleh 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Schistura bampurensis native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Schistura cristata native Turkmenian crested loach  
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Schistura kessleri native Kessler's loach  
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Schistura lindbergi native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Schistura nielseni native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Schistura prashari questionable   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Schistura sargadensis native Turkmenian loach  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizocypris altidorsalis endemic  Gorgak 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizocypris brucei native Waziristan snowtrout  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizopygopsis stoliczkai native False osman  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax intermedius intermedius native Common marinka  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax labiatus questionable Kunar snowtrout  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax pelzami native Transcaspian marinka Khaju 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax zarudnyi native  Hamun Mahi 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Seminemacheilus tongiorgii native   
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago sihama native Silver sillago Shoort 
Siluriformes Siluridae Silurus glanis native Wels catfish Nake 
Siluriformes Siluridae Silurus triostegus native  Esbele 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Sinilabeo dero native Kalabans  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalius cephalus native European Chub Mahi Safid 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalius lepidus native  Kawar 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Stenodus leucichthys native Inconnu Azad Mahi Volga 
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura strongylura native Spottail needlefish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Syngnathus abaster native Black-striped pipefish Ney Mahi 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Tenualosa ilisha native Hilsa shad Brk 
Perciformes Terapontidae Terapon jarbua native Jarbua terapon Yalli-e-khatkamani 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia zillii introduced Redbelly tilapia تيلاپيا 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tinca tinca native Tench Lai Mahi 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Triplophysa farwelli native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Triplophysa stenura native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Triplophysa stoliczkai native Tibetan stone loach  
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Triplophysa tenuis native   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Turcinoemacheilus kosswigi native   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Typhlogarra widdowsoni native Iraq blind barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Vimba vimba native Vimba Kuli 

Page created by: Eli, 15.08.07, last modified by: Eli, 23.08.07



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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2013

The copy for fish.mongabay.com was written in 1994-1995. Therefore some information such as scientific names may be out of date. For this, I apologize. Feel free to send corrections to me.