Peacock Cichlid, Red Shoulder Malawi, African Peacock Aulonocara hansbaenschi
Physical description: An elongated, high backed cichlid. In males, the dorsal fin is elongated and pointed.
The upper ridge of this fin a white while the rest is body colored. The body is indigo blue with 7-9 faint horizontal
black stripes. Alternating with the blue scales, are red to pink scales that are not as numerous as the blue ones.
The belly and the area immediately behind the gill cover are more red to pink scales. The other fins are the same
color as the body. The females has less elaborate fins and is brownish-gray in color. The eye appears larger and
the fins are brown or transparent.
Size/Length: To 6" (15 cm)
Similar species: Aulonocara
korneliae, Lake Malawi Butterfly Cichlid (
Aulonocara jacobfreibergi), Nyasa Peacock
), Grant's Peacock (Aulonocara
Habitat: Eastern Africa; rocky and sandy areas of Lake Malawi. Often found in caves.
S: bottom, middle
Aquarium: 40" (100 cm) or 45-55 gallons (170-209 L).
The tank should have a rocky set-up
with caves and shelter for hiding places.
Hardy plants can be used as this fish will not usually bother them.
cichlid, like all those from Lake Malawi, prefer a coral sand substrate.
Water chemistry: pH 7.5-8.8 (8.2), 10-25 dH (15), 77-84°F (25-29°C)
Social behavior: A fish that is peaceful, yet territorial.
It can be combined with other medium
Retreats for each fish are important.
Keep several females with one male.
Suggested companions: Synodontis,
Lamprologus (and allies), Lake Tanganyika Rainbowfish (
FOOD: Live; bloodworms, mosquito larvae, crustaceans, snails,Tubifex; pellets; tablets
SEX: Females are pale, while males are colorful-usually dark indigo blue.
Breeding techniques: The parents are ovophile mouthbrooders with a matriarchal family.
The female spawns on the rocky bottom
and performs mouth brooding responsibilities.
The eggs are fertilized through the dummy-egg method.
20-60 eggs are incubated in the mouth
for 20-22 days at 81-86°F (27-30°C). Start feeding the fry with
Artemia and small dry foods.
Breeding potential: 6.
Breeding the African Peacock is not especially difficult.
Groups of males of this species are often found in large groups in caves. In these schools,
only one male has full colors.
Difficulty of care: 5.
A hardy Peacock when kept under a regime of frequent partial water changes and given a
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