macrolepidotus, Chalceus ararapeera, C. erythrurus, Pellegrina heterolepsis
An elongated, laterally compressed species with large scales.
The upper parts have rows of large scales,
while the lower parts have much smaller ones.
The back is brownish-silver while the flanks are silver with a greenish
The belly is pinkish-silver.
The fins range from yellow to dark red in color.
The upper part of the iris is yellow
There is a dark spot near the gill cover.
SIZE: To 10” (25 cm)
SS: Other Chalceus
HAB: South America; from Guyana to Peru.
TANK: A 40” (101 cm) or 45-55 gallon (170-209 L) tank is sufficient for fish up to 5” (13
cm) in length.
However, once exceeding 5” (13 cm), a tank measuring at least 60” (152 cm) with a capacity
from 90 gallons (342 L) is required.
The tank should be equipped with a tight-fitting cover.
along the edges and rear of the tank and leave plenty of open swimming areas.
WATER: pH 6-7.5 (7.0), 6-18 dH (12), 73-82°F (23-28°C)
SB: A predatory schooling fish that can be combined with other large, robust species.
characin should be kept singly or in groups of eight or more.
When this species is kept in small groups, fighting
SC: Oscars, Colossoma,
Serrasalmus, Brycon, Metynnis, Myleus, Mylossoma, Pimelodid catfish,
FOOD: Live; fish, crustaceans; chopped meat; pellets; flakes; tablets
B: Has been bred only rarely and few details are known.
On all occasions , spawning has occured
in very large tanks.
About 2000 eggs are scattered amongst plants.
The pair should be removed.
feeding with Artemia
Breeding is not feasible under most conditions.
R: This species can be long-lived in a large, well maintained tank.
This hardy species is not suitable for most tanks due to its size and aggressive behavior.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect, an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.