Physical description: Has a more elongated body than
The body color is pale yellow to golden
The pattern depends on the geographical region from which the fish originated.
One common pattern variant is known
as the "Zambian" morph.
Four slender, lateral stripes that are brown-black in color runs the length of the body.
stripes alternate with the yellow body color.
This pattern continues on the dorsal fin.
The tail has circular patterns alternating
between the yellow and brown-black markings colors.
Another popular morph is the type from the northern part of the lake
from near Bujumbura, Burundi.
This variation has only three lateral bands, but these are very broad.
Often it appears that the fish has a
black base color with fine yellow lines.
The fins retain the same coloration.
One other morph is one with small black
These are much thinner than those found on the first mentioned variant.
Size/Length: To 12" (30 cm) in nature, although rarely larger than 5" (13 cm) in captivity.
Similar species: J.
Habitat: Eastern Africa; found near the rocky shores of Lake Tanganyika.
Aquarium: 32" (80 cm) or 30 gallons (114 L) is recommended for fish to the length of 4"
Fish larger than this size, should be moved to at least a 40" (101 cm) or 45-55 gallons (170-209
Arrange the tank as one for
Water chemistry: 8.0-9.2 (8.2), 8-20 dH (15), 72-77°F (22-25°C).
Social behavior: Do not keep with small, easy to swallow fish.
This species is aggressive towards its
Become aggressive towards all fish when preparing to spawn.
Suggested companions: Lake Tanganyika cichlids,
Synodontis, Aulonocara, Lamprichthys, Afromastacembelus
FOOD: Live; crustaceans, bloodworms, other insect larvae, aquatic insects,
finely chopped meat; flakes; pellets; spinach.
Sexual differences: Females are larger and have a rounded genital papilla.
The male's is pointed and more elongated.
Breeding techniques: Use water with a pH from 8.5-9.2, a hardness from 8-15 dH, and a temperature from 77-81°F
This fish can be bred in a 32" (80 cm) or 30 gallons (114 L) tank containing a great
amount of rock-work.
As many as 300 eggs are laid on the ceiling of a chosen cave.
The fry, after hatching 2-4 days later,
adhere to the sides and ceiling of the caves.
The pair continues their care for the young, which can be fed on
and dry foods.
Breeding potential: 5.
Once a compatible pair is found, spawning becomes easy in their own separate tank.
Remarks: Sometimes the female will take over the male's defense responsibilities.
Difficulty of care: 5.
More peaceful than
Their diet should include live foods.
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