Physical description: An elongated fish with a fan-shaped caudal fin.
The back is slightly arched, and the
belly is full.
The body coloration is variable, even on the original strain.
Usually the flanks are yellowish to
orange, to bluish with black spots.
The dorsal fin is generally yellow and the caudal fin is red.
are generally less colorful.
Size/Length: Males to 2" (5 cm), females to 2.7" (7 cm)
Similar species: Other Xiphophorus
Habitat: Inhabits shallow, slow-moving rivers in Southern Mexico.
Aquarium: A tank measuring 20" (51 cm) with a capacity of 10 gallons (38 L) is sufficient.
suggestions for X. maculatus
Water chemistry: pH 7-8.3 (7.5), 12-30 dH (16), 68-79°F (20-26°C)
Social behavior: A peaceful fish recommended for a community tank.
Suggested companions: Colisa
Loricarids, some tetras tolerant of harder, alkaline water.
FOOD: Flakes; small pellets; algae; live; insects, insect larvae, worms, Brine Shrimp SEX: Males are smaller with a gonopodium.
Breeding techniques: After a gestation period of four to seven weeks, a female will have 20-150 young.
female should be isolated prior to having the young, and the temperature should be raised to 72-81°F (22-27°C).
feeding with crushed flakes and Artemia
The young are sexually mature at six or seven months.
Breeding potential: 2.
An easily bred fish.
Remarks: Numerous cultivated varieties are available including the Marigold, Sunset, Black, and
Difficulty of care: 1.
A robust species suitable for a beginner.
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